Giving learners feedback is a critical part of facilitating learning. When it is well written, feedback can foster self-reflection and correction of misunderstandings. With DecisionSim, we can give consistent feedback in a safe environment. However, the catch is that writing good feedback is not easy to do. Here are some tips to consider as you create your simulations.
Let’s start with what we as learners want, and what helps us learn better. When we get something wrong, we want to know why it was wrong and what is the correct response. In fact, research shows that we are more interested in knowing why we are wrong, than why we are right.
To understand this better, let’s look at the range of feedback you can provide learners: no feedback, knowledge of results only, knowledge of the correct response, elaborative feedback, and try-again feedback.
What we are discussing is the need to provide learners with both the knowledge of the correct response and with elaborative feedback. That is, learners want to receive an explanation as to why their answer, which they thought was correct, was actually not the best choice.
Additionally, when learners get an answer wrong, it’s helpful to keep the question stem visible when you are providing elaborative feedback. This helps learners review where they went wrong.
One approach you can use in DecisionSim is to provide learners with feedback for all answers at once, by selecting this radio button in the Authors Option: “Provide one attempt and show all feedback at once.”
To learn more, see Interactive Instruction and Feedback by John V. Dempsey and Gregory Colin Sales